What is Social Studies?

Typically, these 5 fields make up the K-12 Social Studies content area:

  • History
  • Geography
  • Civics/Government
  • Economics
  • Culture

Here are some examples of what each encompasses:

Events, connection and importance of; Time and place; People, etc.
From own home, neighborhood, community, city, state, region, country, continent, global scale, etc.
Own country (local, state, etc.) and others in the world, etc.
Finances; Management and use of resources (local to global); Production and distribution, etc.
Customs/ traditions; People, Food, Arts (music, fine arts, etc.), Housing, Dress, etc.

What is Science?

K-12 Science classes are typically seen as falling within 3 branches: Life, Physical, and Earth.

Elementary Years

typically focus on a basic overall view of Life, Physical, and Earth sciences. Totem supports both a broad study of each of these, or a deep look into areas of interest found within them. See lists below.

Middle School Years

typically focus on the same basic overall science courses of: Life, Physical, and Earth, and can usually add Space and Technology. With Totem, these years can also be a broad study or deeper interest led, as well as focus on any subcategory listed below.

High School Years

Life science typically becomes a Biology course. Physical and Earth Science courses are still official options. Some sources recommend taking these three courses in this order: 1. Biology, 2. Chemistry, 3 Psychics. There are also many other course options to choose from. See below.

With Totem, you do have the choice of still being interest led and using a variety of resources for science classes. Those would be listed on your ILP and transcripts as High School Basic Science or High School General Science. To get the specific course names like the below list, using a Canon/Curriculum is needed, or being enrolled in a course through a vendor. These all are readily available and accessible.

As you look at curriculum or parent design a course, here are some elements to consider including:

  • Informational Text & Video
  • Labs & Experiments
  • Projects/Hands-on
  • Scientific Method Us

Feel free to reach out to your contact teacher for help with brainstorming and planning!

For any grade level, as you are trying to determine your courses and focus, and choose your curriculum, class, or resources, use the table below to spark interest and help you brainstorm!

Life Sciences

  • Biology is typically the main course.

Other common courses can include:

  • Botany
  • Ecology
  • Marine Biology
  • Neuroscience
  • Paleontology
  • Zoology

Physical Sciences

Main courses are typically:

  • Chemistry
  • Earth science
  • Physics

Other common courses can include:

  • Astronomy
  • Astrology
  • Astrophysics
  • Forensic science
  • Meteorology
  • Space

Earth Sciences

Main courses are typically:

  • Geology
  • Environmental

Other common courses can include:

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Paleontology

Additional Sciences

Agricultural Sciences

Engineering and Technology

  • Chemical
  • Computer Science
  • Geomatics engineering
  • Mechanical engineering

Medical and Health science

  • Anatomy & Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cardiology
  • Contemporary Health
  • Food science
  • Genetics
  • Healthy Living
  • Immunology
  • Medicine
  • Medicinal Herbs/Plants
  • Microbiology
  • Nutrition
  • Outdoor Education
  • Psychiatry
  • Personal wellness